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Google Scholar citation report
Citations : 4829

ASEAN Journal of Psychiatry received 4829 citations as per google scholar report

ASEAN Journal of Psychiatry peer review process verified at publons
Journal Name ASEAN Journal of Psychiatry (MyCite Report)  
Total Publications 456
Total Citations 4829
Total Non-self Citations 12
Yearly Impact Factor 0.93
5-Year Impact Factor 1.44
Immediacy Index 0.1
Cited Half-life 2.7
H-index 29
Social Sciences Medical & Health Sciences
Q3 Q2
  • Anxiety Disorders
  • Behavioural Science
  • Biological Psychiatry
  • Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
  • Community Psychiatry
  • Dementia
  • Community Psychiatry
  • Suicidal Behavior
  • Social Psychiatry
  • Psychiatry
  • Psychiatry Diseases
  • Psycho Trauma
  • Posttraumatic Stress
  • Psychiatric Symptoms
  • Psychiatric Treatment
  • Neurocognative Disorders (NCDs)
  • Depression
  • Mental Illness
  • Neurological disorder
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Commentary - ASEAN Journal of Psychiatry (2023)


Department of Psychiatry and Addiction, Paris City University, Paris, France

*Corresponding Author:

Francois Geoffroy, Department of Psychiatry and Addiction, Paris City University, Paris, France, Email:

Received: 06-May-2023, Manuscript No. AJOPY-23-103413; Editor assigned: 09-May-2023, Pre QC No. AJOPY-23-103413 (PQ); Reviewed: 23-May-2023, QC No. AJOPY-23-103413; Revised: 30-May-2023, Manuscript No. AJOPY-23-103413 (R); Published: 09-Jun-2023, DOI: 10.54615/2231-7805.47311


Depression is a complex and debilitating mental health disorder that affects millions of people worldwide. It is characterized by persistent feelings of sadness, hopelessness, and a loss of interest in previously enjoyed activities.

Symptoms of depression

Depression can manifest in a variety of ways, and the severity and duration of symptoms can vary from person to person. Common symptoms include:

1. Persistent sadness and feelings of emptiness

2. Loss of interest or pleasure in activities

3. Fatigue and decreased energy levels

4. Changes in appetite and weight

5. Sleep disturbances, such as insomnia or excessive sleep

6. Difficulty concentrating or making decisions

7. Feelings of worthlessness or guilt

8. Recurrent thoughts of death or suicide

Causes and contributing factors

Depression is a complex condition influenced by a combination of genetic, biological, environmental, and psychological factors. While the exact causes are not fully understood, the following factors may contribute to the development of depression:

Biological factors: Imbalances in certain neurotransmitters, such as serotonin and norepinephrine, can affect mood regulation.

Genetic predisposition: Individuals with a family history of depression are more likely to develop the condition.

Environmental factors: Traumatic life events, chronic stress, abuse, and neglect can increase the risk of depression.

Psychological factors: Low self-esteem, pessimistic thinking patterns, and a history of anxiety or other mental health disorders can contribute to depression.

Risk factors of depression

Certain factors can increase an individual's vulnerability to depression. These include:

Gender: Women are more likely to experience depression than men, possibly due to hormonal fluctuations and social/cultural factors.

Age: Depression can occur at any age, but it often emerges during adolescence or middle adulthood.

Personal or family history: Having a previous episode of depression or a family history of the disorder raises the risk.

Chronic illness: People with chronic conditions like cancer, diabetes, or cardiovascular disease may have an increased risk of developing depression.

Treatment options

Depression is a treatable condition, and various interventions can help individuals recover and manage their symptoms effectively. Treatment options include:

Psychotherapy: Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy (CBT) and Interpersonal Therapy (IPT) are widely used to address negative thinking patterns, improve coping skills, and foster healthier relationships.

Medication: Antidepressant medications, such as Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors (SSRIs), can help regulate neurotransmitter levels and alleviate depressive symptoms.

Lifestyle changes: Engaging in regular physical exercise, maintaining a balanced diet, getting sufficient sleep, and avoiding substance abuse can significantly improve mood and overall wellbeing.

Support networks: Social support from family, friends, and support groups can provide emotional validation and practical assistance during the recovery process.

Alternative therapies: Some individuals find relief through complementary approaches like acupuncture, yoga, or mindfulness meditation. While not a substitute for professional treatment, these practices may complement traditional therapies.

Seeking help and destigmatizing depression

Recognizing the signs of depression and seeking help are essential steps towards recovery. However, the persistent stigma surrounding mental health often prevents individuals from reaching out. Raising awareness, educating the public, and fostering open conversations about depression can help combat this stigma and encourage early intervention. Depression is a widespread and debilitating mental health condition that can affect anyone, regardless of age, gender, or background.

Citation: Major Symptoms of Depression: Its Causes and Risk Factors ASEAN Journal of Psychiatry, Vol. 24 (6) June, 2023; 1-2.

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