EARLY READMISSIONS AND ASSOCIATED SOCIO-DEMOGRAPHIC, CLINICAL FACTORS IN A PSYCHIATRIC HOSPITAL, MALAYSIA
Wen Jih Lee, Lieh Yan Ong, Siew Ni Koay, Zuan Er Kwan
Objective: The main aim of this study is to assess the prevalence of early readmissions to inpatient care in Hospital Bahagia Ulu Kinta and the associated socio-demographic and clinical factors. Methods: This is an observational study for all patients with readmissions within 3 months from the last discharge, dated from 1 January 2013 to 31 December 2013. Related socio-demographic and clinical details are obtained from the medical records and compared between the patients who were readmitted within the first month after discharge to those who were readmitted later in the second and third month. Results: Total of 149 records of patients who were readmitted within 3 months of last discharge were analyzed. Majority of them were from the same state of Perak (83.9%), male (74.5%), single (71.1%), unemployed (85.9%), taken care by family (75.2%), achieved secondary education level (59.7%) with mean age of 37.89 years (SD 11.53). They were discharged for a mean of 32.52 days (SD 26.48) before readmission with a mean duration of 72.98 days in the previous admission, and mean previous admissions of 10.17 times. 69.8% of the patients were treated for psychotic disorders and the main reason for readmission was relapse (84.6%). Up to 34.2% of the patients reported to have substance abuse while 25.5% had medical co-morbidities. Most of the patients (63.8%) were not compliant to the treatment from the last discharge. Socioeconomic and clinical factors did not show statistical significance when the readmissions within the first month after discharge were compared to those who were admitted later at the second and third month. Conclusions: Due to limitations, further studies need to be done to identify risk factors associated with readmissions and adequate measures need to be taken to prevent these readmissions.