DSM5-Based Diagnosis and Demographics of the Philippine Mental Health Association Inc.'s Psychiatric Outpatients.
Uno-Rayco C, Soriano JR*, Dela Cruz, LI, Noscal ME, Sanchez D, Santos A, Urbano M
Background-The Philippine Mental Health Association, Inc. (PMHA) a non-profit, non- government institution is one of the few mental health service-providers in the country that caters mental health advocacy programs, out-patient diagnostic procedures, and rehabilitative care. These services are catered to a diverse population in terms of demographic characteristics. Several of the service-recipients of PMHA’s CISD are found to be representative of psychiatric symptoms that construe much of the mental disorders out- lined on the DSM-5. The psychiatrists, case management officers, and the administrative assistant of PMHA exert coordinated efforts in securing and updating all Client-data records. Objective-This study was then conducted in view of organizing and understanding further the demographic features and frequency patterns of DSM-5based mental disorders of out-patients serviced by PMHA. Method-This was a descriptive study consisting of out-patients with completed case-records referred for psychiatric consultation at PMHA since year 2017 until year 2021. Information such as age, gender, education level, employment status, civil status, religion and psychiatric diagnosis were organized and analyzed using frequency, percentage, and mean computations. Result. A total of 2,190 out-patient cases from year 2017 to year 2021 were organized. Prevailing agerange was 21 to 30 years, and majority was from NCR (76.4%). The most prevalent gender, civil status, educational attainment, occupation, and religion were female, single, collegeundergraduate level, student, and Catholic, respectively. Majority of the out-patients were noted to be representative of Depressive Disorders (21%). Conclusion-Depressive disorders, schizophrenia, and neurodevelopmental disorders were found as the most common DSM-5 based cases handled by the psychiatric services of a non-government mental health facility in the Philippines.