Citations : 2789
|Journal Name||ASEAN Journal of Psychiatry (MyCite Report)|
|Total Non-self Citations||12|
|Yearly Impact Factor||0.053|
|5-Year Impact Factor||0.104|
Development of Depressive Symptoms After Myocardial Infarction- Impact of Risk FactorsAuthor(s): Jalal Habib Meny, Qurrat Ulain Hamdan, Muhammad Hamdan Waqas, Aalia Akhtar Hayat*, Khadija Shoaib Bakari, Areej Habib Meny, Hamid Sharif Khan and Jalal Habib Meny
Aim: We designed this study to compare the presence of depressive symptoms pre and 6 months post-MI and to identify the association of various biological and non-biological risk factors with the development of depressive symptoms post-MI.
Objective: Coronary artery disease and depressive illness are the largest contributors to global mortality and disability. These disorders frequently occur together and have major health implications. We conducted this study to determine the frequency of increased depressive symptoms following Myocardial Infarction (MI) and analyze associated baseline risk factors.
Study Design: Descriptive case series.
Place and duration of study: Tertiary care cardiology hospital from Sept 2019 to Jan 2021.
Patients and Methods: Patients presenting with a recent episode of myocardial infarction at the out-patient department of cardiology were recruited for this study. Demographic variables and baseline health status were recorded. Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) was applied in two instances, at first contact for depressive symptoms pre-MI and at the second instance 6 months post-MI. An increase in HADS score of 4 or more points after 6 months of MI was considered significant. Association of age, gender, smoking status, employment status, previous MI episode, depression and history of stressful life event with an increase in depression was analyzed.
Results: The sample consisted of 140 patients, 88 males and 52 females. The mean age was 51.22 years (SD= ± 12.35). 60.7% (n=85) of patients had an increase in depressive symptoms scores as measured by HADS. Younger age (30 to 50 years), being a smoker and having a previous history of myocardial infarction were associated with a significant increase in depressive symptoms.
Conclusion: 60.7% of patients have increased depressive symptoms after myocardial infarction. Patients should be regularly screened for emerging depressive symptoms and special attention should be paid to younger patients, smokers and those who have a previous history of coronary artery disease.