Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder and its Relationship to Self-esteem among Primary School Pupils of both Genders in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
Author(s): Sultan Mousa Al-Owidha
* and Nevien Mohamed Zahran
The study examined the correlation between Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder and Self-esteem among primary school children in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. The sample was 200 children (boys –girls) and their ages from 9 to 13 years. Multiple scales and the descriptive method (correlative/comparative) were used to collect the data. and analyze it statistically. The findings revealed that Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder is negatively associated with Self-esteem among all the respondents. Further, the male children have low self-esteem, while the female showed higher Self-esteem. It is recommended to develop psychological development programs at schools to enhance self-esteem among such children.