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SEXUAL DYSFUNCTION IN SUBSTANCE ABUSE AND DEPENDENCE: A CROSS SECTIONAL SURVEY

Shailendra Kumar Mishra, Mona Srivastava

Abstract


Objective: Use of tobacco, alcohol, and illicit drugs is increasing due to their pleasurable effects and peer pressure. But substance abuse has a deteriorating effect on sexual well-being of an individual. The aim of this survey was to assess the presentation of sexual dysfunction in substance abuse and dependent patients. Methods: A total of 60 male subjects in the age group of 21 – 50 years, presenting to the de-addiction clinic, were included in the study. Sexual dysfunction questionnaire and self structured pro forma containing socio-demographic details and pattern of substance abuse was used as tools for the study.  Result – Erectile dysfunction, anorgasmia, and dissatisfaction was statistically more in patients with substance abuse history of more than 10 years (p<0.05). Low sexual desire was statistically more prevalent in alcoholics than tobacco abusers. Alcohol and opioid abusers were at least 4 times more susceptible to sexual dysfunction than tobacco abusers (p<0.05). Conclusion:  Substance abuse is a risk factor for sexual dysfunction. The clinicians should be aware of this association as sexual health of patients with substance abuse may determine the treatment compliance and relapse of substance abuse.

 


Keywords


sexual dysfunction, substance abuse, alcohol, opioids, tobacco, dependence

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