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Factor Structure Of Type D Scale In Malaysian Patients With Coronary Artery Disease

Satpal Kaur, Nor Zuraida Zainal, Wah Yun Low, Ravindran Ramasamy, Jaideep Singh Sidhu


Objective: Type D personality, tendency trait to experience increased NA (Negative Affect) and SI (Social Inhibition) has been associated with negative psychological conditions linked to heart disease. This study aimed to examine the psychometric properties of the Malay version of Type D personality scale (DS14) among Malaysian patients with coronary artery disease (CAD). Methods: In this cross-sectional study 195 patients diagnosed with CAD were selected fro m National Heart Institute, Kuala Lumpur. They completed the questionnaire including demographic information and the Malay version of DS14 and Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS). Results: The structural validity, as demonstrated by exploratory factor analysis of the DS14 was acceptable. The Cronbach's a coefficient for the NA and SI subscales were 0.876 and 0.732, respectively. With the standardized cut-off of NA = 10 and SI = 10, 28.2% of the patients with CAD were defined as having a Type D personality. Anxiety was significantly higher among patients with Type D personality. Conclusion: The results indicate that the Type D personality (DS14) questionnaire is a valid and reliable tool in the Malaysian population. The prevalence of Type D personality in Malaysia falls close to what has been found in Western countries, at least for CAD patients. This study indicates also that it is possible to use the DS14 among the Malaysian population in future cross-cultural studies. ASEAN Journal of Psychiatry, Vol. 15 (2): July – December 2014: 186-195.


Type D personality, Coronary Artery Disease (CAD), Validity, Factor Analysis

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