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Treatment-Emergent Hypomania Or Bipolar Disorder? A Case Report

Yin Ping Ng, Saminah Md Kassim, T Maniam


Objective: This case report highlights the clinical dilemmas encountered in deciding the diagnostic status of persons with unipolar depression who develop hypomania during antidepressant/ electroconvulsive therapy. Methods: We report a case of a 52 year-old Chinese lady, diagnosed with unipolar depression, which developed hypomania after she was started on T. Fluvoxamine 100mg daily and completed 8 sessions of Electroconvulsive therapy. Results: Her diagnosis was revised to Bipolar Disorder and she was treated with T. Sodium Valproate 400mg twice daily after which she improved. Conclusion: Treatment-emergent hypomania is likely a subtype of bipolar spectrum disorder and patients with Treatment - emergent Hypomania should be treated as Bipolar Disorder.

Download ASEAN Journal of Psychiatry, Vol. 14 (2): July – December 2013 here.